When taxes are paid, taxpayers have the opportunity to receive a document from the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) stating their obligation to the government. The document, called a tax notice, informs taxpayers of their obligation to repay taxes by a certain date. The taxpayer may choose to pay the balance amount in full, in part, or compromise the amount owed. In any event, the taxpayer must receive notice of the delinquency by the due date of the next tax year, unless there is an extension granted by the tax authority. Certain circumstances such as an illness, death in the family, a decrease in income, a change in financial circumstances, or a change in business structure may delay receipt of a notice and thus extend the time period for paying taxes.
A tax preparer can help taxpayers prepare the appropriate tax forms and documents required to meet requirements for federal income taxes and state direct taxes. A tax preparer is typically licensed, and many offer financial advice to help taxpayers plan for taxes. They prepare the appropriate tax documents for both federal and state income taxes and provide an estimate of how much money will be taxed. They help taxpayers understand complex areas of tax law and help them determine if deductions are available to reduce their total taxes. Certified public accountants (CPA) are among the most highly trained professional tax preparers in the United States.
Capital Gains Tax Capital gains taxes are taxes that occur when the property is sold for more than the gain is subject to capital gains tax. These taxes are typically implemented when the proceeds from the sale are more than exempt revenue. Some examples of exempted revenue include the sale of certain owned improvements to private housing facilities, certain farm products, and certain dividends. Examples of capital gains transactions include selling a home that has increased in value, borrowing against a personal loan, and renting a residential rental unit. Capital gains tax experts can assist taxpayers with complicated issues regarding the application of capital gains tax laws and assets subject to these taxes.
Social Security and Medicare Taxes Both social security and Medicare taxes are levied by governmental entities such as the federal government and state governments. Both are jointly funded, and the federal government provides a welfare system for senior citizens and disabilities. Federal income taxes also are implemented by state governments, and both must be paid.
Sales Tax All states levy sales taxes for items purchased within their jurisdictions. Excise taxes are applied to sales of items that are bought within a state, while collectible taxes are collected by states that allow retailers to use stamp duty to collect taxes on items purchased in other states. Many states issue standing orders for delinquent sales, which is the name for collection orders for delinquent sales within a state. Collectible taxes are collected by the Internal Revenue Service.
Self-Employment Income taxes are different from corporate income taxes. There are several different types of self-employment tax schemes: Employment payroll taxes; Employment tax deduction; Child tax credit; Creditable Federal Income Tax; Start-up Business Expenses; Self-Employment Credit; and Worker’s Compensation. Most payroll taxes can be deducted by filing federal income taxes, and some states allow some or all of these deductions. For individuals who are self-employed, the IRS administers the tax system, collecting payroll taxes, delivering notice of intent to collect payroll taxes, and publishing tax information for citizens and tax filers alike. Those who work for large companies must file their own individual federal income taxes and pay their own payroll taxes.